A Review on Biosurfactants
Biosurfactants are produced by different microorganisms like bacteria, algae, fungi on to the cell surface. They are amphipathic in nature which helps them to aggregate at the interfaces, thereby reducing the surface tension. They are characterized by the molecular weight into two i.e. low molecular and high molecular. According to the different biomolecule such as protein, carbohydrate moiety attached, they have distinct and different structures which provide them different functions and applications in different fields. In this present review, the relationship among microorganism, biosurfactant and hydrocarbon has been described and the different applications in various industries have also been explained.
Keywords:Biofilm, Biosurfactant, Petroleum, Phospholipids, Food Industry
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