Synthesis and Characterization of CSNP-SiO₂ nanocomposite by using antibacterial activity
Because of its promising biological achievements, the development of nanotechnology, nanoparticle-based products, and their applications has piqued the interest of many researchers. Inorganic nanomaterials, on the other hand, are well known to be effective antimicrobial agents. Metal nanoparticles, such as Silicon dioxide, are particularly important among the various nanoparticles due to their low cost and ease of availability. Chitosan is a biopolymer derived from chitin, a natural polysaccharide that follows cellulose as the second most abundant polysaccharide. The Precipitation Method was used to create a Chitosan Nanoparticle with SiO2 Nanocomposite (CSNP - SiO2 nanocomposite). TGA, XRD, SEM, FT-IR, PSA, UV, and FL were used to characterize the Chitosan Nanoparticle with SiO2 Nanocomposite. The findings showed that bio-nanocomposites have a greater antibacterial effect due to the combined effect of CS and nanoparticles (NPs). Chitosan/SiO2 nanocomposites were tested for antimicrobial activity against gram-positive and gram-negative microorganisms. The goal was to assess their physical, mechanical, and biological properties, as well as their potential for biomedical applications.
Keywords:Chitosan, chitosan NPs, CSNP - SiO₂ nanocomposite, Antibacterial activity, TGA, XRD, SEM
M Rehan, M E El-Naggar, H M Mashaly, and R Wilken. Nanocomposites based on chitosan/silver/clay for durable multi-functional properties of cotton fabrics. Carbohydrate Polymers, 182:29–41, 2018.
M H Kafshgari, A Mazare, M Distaso, W H Gold- mann, W Peukert, B Fabry, and P Schmuki. Intracellular Drug Delivery with Anodic Titanium Dioxide Nanotubes and Nanocylinders. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 11(16):14980–14985, 2019.
Ahmad Bhat, S Zafar, F Ullah Mirza, A Hossain Mondal, A Kareem, A Mohd, Q Haq, and N Nishat. NiO nanoparticle doped-PVA-MF polymer nanocomposites: Preparation, Congo red dye adsorption and antibacterial activity. Arabian Journal of Chemistry, 13(6):5724– 5739, 2020.
P G Luo and F J Stutzenberger. Nanotechnology in the detection and control of microorganisms. Advances in Applied Microbiology, 63:145–181, 2008.
A S Shabunin, V E Yudin, I P Dobrovolskaya, E V Zinovyev, V Zubov, E M Ivan’kova, and P Morganti. Composite Wound Dressing Based on Chitin/Chitosan Nanofibers: Processing and Biomedical Applications. Cosmetics, 6(1):16– 16, 2019.
L Cremar, J Gutierrez, J Martinez, L Materon, R Gilkerson, F Xu, and K Lozano. Development of antimicrobial chitosan based nanofiber dressings for wound healing applications. Nanomedicine Journal, 5(1):6–14, 2018.
N Liu, X G Chen, H J Park, C G Liu, C S Liu, X H Meng, and L J Yu. Effect of MW and con- centration of chitosan on antibacterial activity of Escherichia coli. Carbohydrate Polymers, 64(1):60–65, 2006.
M D Alba, A Cota, F J Osuna, E Pavón, A C Perdigón, and F Raffin. Bio nanocomposites based on chitosan intercalation in designed swelling high-charged micas. Scientific Reports, 9(1):10265–10265, 2019.
M S Alshammari, A A Essawy, A M El-Naggar, and S M Sayyah. Ultrasonic-Assisted Synthesis and Characterization of Chitosan-Graft Substituted Polyanilines: Promise Bio-Based Nanoparticles for Dye Removal and Bacterial Disinfection. Journal of Chemistry, 2020.
X Wang, X Liu, C Xiao, H Zhao, M Zhang, N Zheng, and J Lu. Triethylenetetramine- modified hollow Fe3O4/SiO2/chitosan magnetic nanocomposites to remove Cr (VI) ions with high adsorption capacity and rapid rate. Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, 297:110041–110041, 2020.
S Preethi, K Abarna, M Nithyasri, P Kishore, K Deepika, R Ranjith Kumar, and D Bharathi. Synthesis and characterization of chitosan/zinc oxide nanocomposite for antibacterial activity onto cotton fabrics and dye degradation applications. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 164:2779–2787, 2020.
M Chandrasekaran, K D Kim, and S C Chun. Antibacterial Activity of Chitosan Nanoparticles: A Review. Processes, 8:1173–1173, 2020.
B Li, T Su, X Chen, B Liu, B Zhu, Y Fang, and G Xie. Effect of chitosan solution on the bacterial septicemia disease of Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) caused by Serratia marcescens. Applied Entomology and Zoology, 45(1):145–152, 2010.
F Al-Sagheer and S Muslim. Thermal and mechanical properties of chitosan/SiO2 hybrid composites. Journal of Nanomaterials, 3:1–3, 2010.
A M Meftah, E Gharibshahi, N Soltani, W M M Yunus, and E Saion. Structural, Optical and Electrical Properties of PVA/PANI/Nickel Nanocomposites Synthesized by Gamma Radiolytic Method. Polymers, 6(9):2435–2450, 2014.
A Sorrentino, G Gorrasi, and V Vittoria. Potential perspectives of bio-nanocomposites for food packaging applications. Food Science & Technology, 18:84–95, 2007.
C Paluszkiewicz, E Stodolak, M Hasik, and M Blazewicz. FT-IR study of montmorillonite- chitosan nanocomposite materials. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 79(4):784–788, 2011.
B Akbari, M P Tavandashti, and M Zandrahimi. Particle size characterization of nanoparticles – a practical approach. Iranian Journal of Materials Science and Engineering, 8(2):48–56, 2011. ISSN: 1735-0808.
A Longo, G Carotenuto, M Palomba, and S D Nicola. Dependence of Optical and Microstructure Properties of Thiol-Capped Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in Polymeric Matrix. Polymers, 3(4):1794–1804, 2011.
Hailan Xu, Haowei Shi, Yuxiang Yang, and Xiangnong Li. Synthesis and characterization of nanocomposites Fe3O4-SiO2-chitosan based on lbl technology. Glass Physics and Chemistry, 42(3):312–321, 2016.
A El Mragui, O Zegaoui, and J C G Silva. Elucidation of the photocatalytic degradation mechanism of an azo dye under visible light in the presence of cobalt doped TiO2 nanomaterials. Chemosphere, 266:128931–128931, 2021.
A Saravanakumar and M Dharmendirakumar. Synthesis and characterization of SiO2- Chitosan supported AgNPs and its catalytic application for reduction of malachite green. Indian J. Chem. Technol, 25(7):546–552, 2018.
M Abbasi. Synthesis and characterization of magnetic nanocomposite of chitosan/SiO2/carbon nanotubes and its application for dyes removal. Journal of Cleaner Production, 145:105–113, 2017.
M E Mahmoud, G M Nabil, H Abdel-Aal, N A Fekry, and M M Osman. Imprinting “Nano-SiO2-Crosslinked Chitosan-Nano-TiO2” Polymeric Nanocomposite for Selective and Instantaneous Microwave-Assisted Sorption of Hg(II) and Cu(II). ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 6(4):4564–4573, 2018.
S P Pasaribu, J Kaban, M Ginting, and K R Sinaga. Synthesis and evaluation antibacterial activity of phosphate buffer solution (pH 7.4) - soluble acylated chitosan derivative. AIP Conference Proceedings, 2049(1), 2018.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.